Stories of Prophet’s companion by Mufti Ismael Menk : A Series of 29 Lectures
A Sahâbî (Companion) is one who met the Prophet sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam whilst believing in him, and died as a Muslim. So, that includes the one who remained with him for a long or a short time, and those who narrated from him and those who did not, and those who saw him but did not sit with him and those who could not see him due to blindness.” [Source: Al-Isâbah (1/4-5) of al-Hâfidh lbn Hajar]
In Islam, there are three types of Sahabah:
- As Sabiqoon Al Awaloon (Badriyans)
- Major Sahabah (Kibaar)
- Released people (Ashaab at-tulaqa’a)
As Sabiqoon Al Awaloon (Badriyans)
The people who were Muslims at the time of Badr. They are further classified into two:
- Muhajreen (immigrants from Mecca)
- Ansar (helpers—inhabitants of Medina (previously known as Yathrib))
They are ideals for the other Muslims because “well-pleased is Allah with them” (Arabic: رضي الله عنه raḍiyu l-Lāhu ‘anhu)
Indeed, those who have believed and emigrated and fought with their wealth and lives in the cause of Allah and those who gave shelter and aided – they are allies of one another. But those who believed and did not emigrate – for you there is no guardianship of them until they emigrate. And if they seek help of you for the religion, then you must help, except against a people between yourselves and whom is a treaty. And Allah is Seeing of what you do.Quran, sura 8 (Al-Anfal), ayah 72
And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. And remember the favor of Allah upon you – when you were enemies and He brought your hearts together and you became, by His favor, brothers. And you were on the edge of a pit of the Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah make clear to you His verses that you may be guided.
— Quran, sura 3 (Al Imran), ayah 103
Major Sahabah (Kibaar)
The people who were Muslims before victory at Mecca and went into exile and fought for God’s cause in most of the wars.They are also high in degree, especially those who were present at Hudabiyah. They are also people that God is pleased with (Arabic: رضي الله عنه raḍiyu l-Lāhu ‘anhu)
Released people (Ashaab at-tulaqa’a)
They were non-Muslim at the time of victory of Mecca; after that, they were forgiven by Muhammad, then they became Muslims.
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