How to send Darood and Salam on Prophet?
Assalamu alaikum,Today I Would like to Share with You the Correct manner of Sending Salam and Darood on Prophet (pbuh). All muslims have been advised to send salam and Darood On Prophet(pbuh) .This is Evident in the Verse 56 of Surah Al Ahzab.The Below excrept has been taken from the Tafseer of Quran:Surah Al Ahzab-33:56).Please Send Abundant Darood on prophet Muhammad and remember Us in Your prayer.
Command Of Sending Darud and salam on Prophet in Quran
إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلَٰٓئِكَتَهُۥ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّ ۚ يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا۟ صَلُّوا۟ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا۟ تَسْلِيمًا
Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet: O ye that believe! Send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all respect(Quran :33;56)
In this verse, Muslims have been commanded two things: (1) Sallu alaihi; and (2) sallimu taslima.
Therefore, the meaning of giving the Command of sallu’alaihi to the believers for the Holy Prophet is: ‘Be attached to him, praise and adore him and pray for him.”
Meaning of Sallamu Taslima or Salam
The word salam also ‘has two meanings:
(1) To be secure from every kind of affliction and fault and defect; and
(2) to be at peace and refrain from opposing the other person.
Therefore, one meaning of sallimu taslima in regard to the Holy Prophet is: “You should pray for his well-being and security,” and another meaning is: “Cooperate with him with aII your heart and mind; refrain from opposing him and obey him most faithfully and sincerely.”
Our Intention of sending Salat and darood on Prophet should be:
“O Lord of the worlds: Just as Your Prophet has done us countless and endless favours, so do You also show him endless and limitless mercy: raise him to the highest ranks in the world and bless him with the greatest nearness to Yourself in the hereafter.’
How to Pronounce Salam on Prophet(pbuh)?
We Can send Salam on Our Prophet(pbuh) by saying either:
- as-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakat-u-hu
- as-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah or
- As Salamu laikum ya Khateman-nabiy
How to Pronounce Salat and Darood on Prophet?
When this Command was sent down, several of the Companions said to the Holy Prophet, “O Messenger of Allah, you have taught us the method of pronouncing salam (i.e.. of saying as-salamu ‘alaika ayyuhannabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakat-u-hu in the Prayer, and as-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah as a greeting, but what is the method of sending Salat on you ?”
Different Darood Muslim Can Pronounce:
In response to this, the methods of pronouncing Salat and darood that the Holy Prophet taught to many people on different occasions are as follows:
Ka’b bin’Ujrah: Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama sallaita ala Ibrahima wa ala al-i Ibrahima irmaka Hamidum-Majid, wa barik ‘ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama barakta ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala al-i Ibrahima innaka Hamid-um-Majid. This darud with a little difference in wording has been reported by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Da’ud, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, Imam Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaibah, ‘Abdur Razzaq, Ibn Abi Hatim and Ibn Jarir on the authority of Hadrat Ka’b bin ‘Ujrah.
Ibn ‘Abbas: From him also the same darud as given above has been reported with a slight difference. (Ibn Jarir).
Abu Humaid Sa’idi:Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa azwaji-hi wa dhurriyati-hi kama sallaita ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala al-i Ibrhima wa barik ala Muhammad-in wa azwaji-hi wa dhurriyat-hi kama barakta ‘ala al-i Ibrahima irmaka Hamid-um-Majid. (Malik, Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, Nasa’i, Abu Da’ud, Ibn Majah).
Abu Mas’ud Badri: Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama sallaita ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala al-i Ibrahima wa barik ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama barakta ‘ala Ibrahima fil- alamin innaka Hamid-um-Majid (Malik, Muslim, Abu Da’ud, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i Ahmad, Ibn Jarir, Ibn Habban, Hakim).
Abu Sa’ id Khudri: Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in abdika wa rasuli-ka kama sallaita ‘ala Ibrahima wa barik ‘ala Mahammad-in wa ‘ala al-i Muhammad-in kama ba rakta ala Ibrahim. (Ahmad, Bukhari, Nasa’i Ibn Majah).
Buraidah al-Khuza’i: Allahumm-aj’al Salataka wa rahmataka wa barakati-ka ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama Ja ‘altaha ala Ibrahima innaka Hamid-um-Majid. (Ahmad, ‘Abd bin Humaid, Ibn Marduyah).
Abu Hurairah: Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in wa barik ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama sallaita wa barakta ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala al-i Ibrahim fil- alamin innaka Hammid-um-Majid. (Nasai).
Talhah: Allahumma salli ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama sallaita `ala Ibrahima innaka Hamid-um-Majid wa barik ala Muhammad-in wa ala al-i Muhammad-in kama barakta ala Ibrahima innaka Hamid-um-Majid. (Ibn Jarir).
All these daruds agree in meaning despite the difference in wording. A few points concerning them should be understood clearly:
First, in aII these the Holy Prophet tells the Muslims that the best way of sending darud and Salat on him is that they should pray to Allah, saying, “O God: send Darood on Muhammad(pbuh). ” Ignorant people who do not possess full understanding of the meaning inunediately raise the objection: ‘How strange that AIlah commands us to send darood on His Prophet, but we, in return, implore AIlah that He should send it.” The fact, however, is that the Holy Prophet has instructed the people, as if to say, ‘You cannot do full justice to sending of darud and Salat on me even if you want to. Therefore, pray only to Allah to bless me with Salat. ” Evidently, the Muslims cannot raise the ranks of the Holy Prophet, AIlah only can raise them; the Muslims cannot repay the Holy Prophet for his favours and kindness, Allah only can adequately reward him for this; the Muslims cannot attain any success in exalting the Holy Prophet’s name and promoting the cause of religion unless Allah favours them with His help and succour. So much so that the Holy Prophet’s love can be impressed in our hearts only by Allah’s help; otherwise Satan can turn us away from him by every kind of evil suggestion sand suspicions. May AIlah protect us from this! Therefore, there is no other way of doing full justice to sending of darud and salat on the Holy Prophet than that we should supplicate Allah to send salat on him. The person who says: Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammad-in, in fact, admits his helplessness before Allah, and says: “O God: it is not in my power to send salat on Your Prophet as it should be sent. I. therefore, implore You to send it on my behalf and take from me whatever service You will in this regard.”
Secondly, the Holy Prophet did not want to have this prayer reserved for onlv himself but included his followers and his wives and offsprings also. The meaning of the wives and offspring is obvious. As for the word al it dces not merely denote the people of the Holy Prophet’s household, but it applies to aII those people who follow him and adopt his way. Lexically, there is a difference between the words al and ahl. By the al of a person arc understood all those people who are his companions, helpers and followers, whether they are related to him or not, and his ahl are those who are related to him, whether or not they are his companions and followers. The Qur’an has used the word al Fir aun at fourteen places but nowhere has it been used to mean the people of Pharaoh’s household only; everywhere it implies alI those who sided with him in the conflict against the Prophet Moses. (For example, see Al-Baqarah: 49-50, AI-i-‘Imran: 11, AI-A’raf; 130, Al-Mu’min: 46). Thus, from al-Muhammad is excluded every such person who is not on the way of Muhammad (upon whom be Allah’s peace and blessings), whether he be a member of his household, and in it is included every such person, who is following in his footsteps, whether he is not even distantly related to him by blood. However, those members of the Prophet’s household who are related to him by blood and are also his followers are most worthy to be regarded as al-Muhammad.
Thirdly, the same thing is found in all the daruds taught by the Holy Prophet is that he may be blessed with the same kindness with which Abraham and the followers of Abraham have been blessed. The people have found it difficult to understand this. The scholars have given different interpretations of it but none of them is appealing. In my opinion the correct interpretation is this (though the real knowledge is with Allah): Allah blessed the Prophet Abraham in particular with something with which He has blessed no one else in the world, and it is this: AlI those human beings who regard the Prophethood and the Revelation and the Book as the source of guidance are agreed on the leadership of the Prophet Abraham, whether they are Muslims or Christians or Jews. Therefore, what the Holy Prophet means to say is this: “O Allah, just as You have made the Prophet Abraham the refuge of the followers of aII the Prophets, so You make me also the refuge, so that no one who is a believer in Prophethood, may remain deprived of the grace of believing in my Prophethood.”
When Should We Send Salam and Darood on Prophet(pbuh)?
It is an Islamic practice to send darud on the Holy Prophet, that it is commendable to pronounce it when the Holy Prophet’s name is mentioned, that it is a Sunnah of the Prophet to recite it in the Prayer in particular, is agreed upon by aII the scholars.
Is It Obligatory for a Muslim to Pronounce darood On Prophet(pbuh)?
There is also a consensus that it is obligatory to pronounce the darud on the Holy Prophet at least once in a lifetime, because Allah has clearly commanded it, but apart from this there are differences among the scholars regarding it.
Imam Shafe’ i holds the view that it is obligatory to recite salat on the Prophet during tashahhud in the final sitting of the Prayer, for without it the Prayer would be void. Hadrat Ibn Mas’ud, Abu-Mas’ud Ansari, Ibn ‘Umar and Jabir bin ‘Abdullah from among the Companions, Sha’bi, Imam Muhammad bin Baqir, Muhammad bin Ka’b al-Qurzi and Muqatil bin Hayyan from among the immediate followers of the Companions, and Ishaq bin Rahwayah from among the jurists also held the same opinion, and Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal also had adopted the same in the end.
Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Malik and the majority of the scholars hold that the pronouncing of the Salat is obligatory only once in a life time. It is just like the Kalimah: whoever affirmed the divinity of Allah and the Prophethood of the Messenger of Allah once in a lifetime carried out his duty. Likewise, the one who pronounced the darud and salat once in his lifetime would be deemed to have done his duty of pronouncing the darud on the Holy Prophet. After it, it is neither obligatory ( fend) to recite the Kalimah nor the darud.
Another group holds that it is absolutely wajib to recite it in the Prayer but not necessarily in the tashahhud. Still another group holds the view that it is wajib to pronounce the darood in every supplication. Some others say that it is wajib to pronounce it whenever the Holy Prophet’s name is mentioned, and according to another group recitation of the darrid is wajib only once in an assembly or sitting no matter how often the name of the Holy Prophet is mentioned during it.
The Virtue of Sending Darood On Prophet(pbuh)
These differences only pertain to the darud’s being obligatory in status or otherwise. As for its merit and excellence, its being conducive to high spiritual rewards and its being a great righteous act, there is complete unanimity among the Ummah. No one who is a believer in any degree can have any different opinion about it.
Recitation of Darood Shows his love and depth of Relationship with Allah (SWT).
The darud is the natural supplication of the heart of every Muslim, who realizes that the Holy Prophet Muhammad (upon Whom be Allah’s peace) is the Ummah’s greatest benefactor after Allah. The greater one’s appreciation of Islam and the Faith, the greater will one be appreciative of the favours of the Holy Prophet himself; and the greater one’s appreciation of the favours of the Holy Prophet, the more often will he pronounce the darood and salat on him. Thus, in fact, the frequency with which a person pronounces the darud is the measure which shows the depth of his relationship with the Holy Prophet’s Religion and the extent of his appreciation of the blessing of the Faith.
Angels send blessings on the Person Pronouncing Darood
On this very basis the Holy Prophet has said:
- “The angels send darud on him who sends darood on me, as long as he does so.” (Ahmad, Ibn Majah).
- “He who sends darood on me once, Allah sends darud on him ten times over.” (Muslim)
- “The one who sends darood on me most often will deserve to remain close to me on the Day of Resurrection” (Tirmidhi).
- °Niggardly is the person who dces not send darud on me when I am mentioned before him.” (Tirmidhi)
Ref:Abstract taken from Tafsir of this Verse from Tafseer of Quran.