Before Ramadan starts, it is beneficial to revise the Fiqh of fasting so that we are Prepared before Ramadan.
We can also hold a Family halaqa in our home and educate other family members.
Here I discuss some Fiqh of Ramadan Fast very briefly. This is taken from book- Ascent of Felicity and my Own class notes on Fiqh of Fasting.
Things that break one’s fast are of two kinds. Some make only qaḍā necessary whilst others make both
qaḍā and kaffāra necessary.
Qaḍā: To keep a single fast in place of the one that is broken.
Kaffāra: A penalty of observing sixty continuous fasts followed by the missed one.
If a person is unable to keep these 60 fasts for some valid reason, e.g. continuous sickness, then one has the
option of choosing from one of the following four options:
If one eats or drinks something of nutritional value [i.e., something customarily eaten] or something for medicinal purposes; or if one has sexual intercourse in either of the two passages [front or rear]; on purpose, then he must make
up the fast as well as perform expiation, which is to free a slave; if he does not have one, he must fast two consecutive months; if he is genuinely unable, then he must feed sixty poor people, half Sa'[ 2.2 kg] of wheat [or give its equivalent monetary value] to each person.
If, however, he does one of the above-namely, if he eats, drinks, or has intercourse-out of forgetfulness,then he neither has to make up the fast nor perform expiation.
If one tastes some food or chews on it [without swallowing], without a valid excuse; or if one kisses [his spouse] while not feeling secure [from ejaculation or intercourse], it is disliked. If, however, one feels secure from engaging in intercourse or from ejaculation due to the kissing, it is not disliked.
The following actions during the day necessitate withholding (imsak) from anything that would vitiate the fast, for the remainder of that day [i.e., it is mandatory (wajib) to do so]: i.e He should act like a fasting Person-The first three cases require a makeup, as opposed to the last two.
The following people are exempted from fasting in Ramadan-
A very old person who does not have the strength to fast or a very sickly or diseased person who has no
hope of recovering after Ramaḍān should pay an expiation for each fast missed in Ramaḍān.
The fidya for a fast is similar to that of a missed farḍ or wājib prayer: 3½ lbs = 1.6 kg of wheat, or 7 lbs =
3.2 kg of barley, or the equivalent of the above in cash or kind.
If the person recovers after Ramaḍān the missed fasts would; have to made up and the expiation paid
would be considered ṣadaqa. A few other rulings should be considered:
No one is allowed to fast for another (sick or fit) person.
Children should be encouraged to fast, but should not be forced to complete the fast up to sunset if
they are unable to bear the hunger.
If a person’s fast breaks due to any reason, he should continue not to eat or drink anything for the
rest of the day. It is wajib to abstain from eating drinking for the rest of the day and act like a
This is the same ruling for a woman whose menstrual periods ends after the morning. She cannot
fast that day, and she cannot eat or drink, but she should remain like a fasting person. However, a
women who starts her menstruation in the middle of the day is allowed to eat or drink.
And Allah knows best.
In this article, I have just given a just a brief note from my own notes on Fiqh of Fasting. You can join any Ramadan programme or watch Fiqh of fasting lecture for an indepth understanding. I can recommend one free Programme from Al Balagh institute – Link here
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This post was last modified on April 7, 2021 8:32 am
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