Advertisements
ad

My Notes from Surah Al Nisa

My Notes from Surah Al Nisa

Notes from Surah Al Nisa-“the fourth chapter of Quran”

Ramadan Kareem.

We make so much effort in our study to Pass the exams of our School and Colleges.But hardly do we make the same effort in reading Quran and understanding its message.

This Ramadan,I have made an effort to take notes from the chapters of Quran.Notes helps in quick reference and act as a mind Map. Today,I would like to share my notes from Surah Al Nisa which is the Fourth Surah of Quran.With the simple notes from Surah Nisa,I wish to share the lessons I learnt from Quran and the Quranic Verses which has touched me the most.May this help us increase in productivity and guide us to be a better Muslim.

Topics Covered in Surah Al Nisa

In Surah Al Nisa, following topics are discussed –

1-1 Creation of mankind

2-2 Property of the orphans

3-3 Restrictions on number of wives

4-4 Obligation of dowry

5-5 Do not trust property to feebleminded people

6-6 Train the orphans to manage their properties

7-10 Laws of inheritance

11-11 Prescribed shares in inheritance

12-12 Inheritance of spouse’s property

13-14 Commandment to abide by the limit of Allah

15-16 Initial order relating to the punishment for women guilty o fornication

17-18 Acceptable vs Unacceptable repentance

19-19 Women should not be treated as a part of Estate

20-21 Do not take dowry back from women

22-22 Prohibition from marring the wife of one’s father

23-23 Women that are prohibited for marriage-“Mahram” relations

24-24 Prohibited and permitted marriages continued

25-25 Permission for marriage with slave girls

26-28 Allah wishes to guide and forgive

29-30 Respect the ownership of one another’s properties

31-32 Avoid heinous sins and do not be jealous

33-33 Laws of inheritance are fixed

34-35 Men are given authority over women and Corrective measures for disobedient women and Arbitration in family disputes

36-38 Huquq-al-Ibad (rights of other human beings)

39-42 Witnesses of the Rasools on the Day of Judgement

43-43 Prohibition of drinking liquor-2nd Order and Tayammum-a substitute for ablution

44-46 Behavior of the People of the Book

47-50 Invitation of Iman to the People of the Book and Mushrikin will not be forgiven

51-55 People of the Book tend to take side of Shaitan

56-59 Fate of the unbelievers and the believers and Who should the believers obey?

60-63 Hypocrites’ attitude towards the decision of the Prophet

64-68 One who disputes the decision of the Prophet is not a believer

69-70 Believers will be in excellent company in the hereafter

71-74 Be prepared for armed conflict (Jihad)

75-76 Make Jihad to help the oppressed

77-79 Fear Allah and not the people and There is no escape from death

80-81 Obedience of the Rasool is in fact the obedience of Allah

82-84 Proof of Al-Quran being the Divine revelation and report the important news to responsible persons

85-87 Respond to greetings with even better greetings

88-91 Fight against hypocrisy and hypocrites

92-93 Punishment for killing a believer and laws of bloodwit

94-94 Investigate properly before jumping to conclusion

95-96 Ranks of Mujahideen over Non-Mujahideen

97-100 Oppressed should migrate if possible and Reward for migration in the cause of Allah

101-104 Salat-al-Qasr, Shortening of Salah during travel and Salah in the state of war and Salah is obligatory at its prescribed times

105-112 Establish justice based on Divine guidance and Warning against Slander and against falsely charging innocents

113-115 Allah’s special favors to the Prophet and Prohibition of secret counsel and its limited exception

116-121 Shirk is and unforgivable sin and Pledge and Promises of Shaitan

122-124 Promise of Allah-who can be truer than Allah in promise?

125-126 No one is better than a Muslim

127-130 Establishment of justice for women

131-134 Have fear of Allah in your dealings

135-135 Stand firm for justice

136-141 Believers are required to believe wholeheartedly and Boycott un-Islamic gatherings and Hypocrites have double standards

142-147 Characteristics of hypocrites and the acts of hypocrisy and Hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of hellfire

148-152 Do not utter evil words and Do not draw a line between Allah and His Rasools in obedience

153-159 Jews are habitual sinners and violators of Allah’s commandments and Jesus was neither killed nor crucified

160-162 Punishment to Jews for their iniquities and Their only salvation is to become Muslims

163-166 This Quran carries the same message as was sent to Noah, Abraham, Moses and Jesus and Al-Quran’s authenticity is verified by Allah Himself

167-171 Believe in this authentic revelation if you want to attain felicity and Stop saying “Trinity” Allah is the One and Only Deity

172-173 Jesus was a Prophet and worshipper of Allah

174-175 Mankind is asked to believe in the message of Al-Quran

176-176 Legal decision relating to the inheritance of childless persons

Discussion of Inheritance in Surah Nisa

It is reported in a tradition that after the Battle of Uhud the wife of Sa’d b. Rabi’ brought her two daughters to the Prophet (peace be on him) and said: ‘O Messenger of God! These are daughters of Sa’d who was with you in the Battle of Uhud, where he was martyred. The girls’ uncles have seized the whole property and left nothing for them. Who will now marry these girls?’ It was after this incident that these verses were revealed.

  1. This is the first general rule in connection with inheritance, viz., that the share of the male should be double that of the female. Since Islamic law imposes greater financial obligations on men in respect of family life and relieves women of a number of such obligations, justice demands that a woman’s share in inheritance should be less than that of a man.
  2. The same applies in the case where there are two daughters. If the deceased leaves only daughters, and if there are two or more daughters then they will receive two-thirds of the inheritance and the remaining one-third will go to the other heirs. But if the deceased has only one son there is a consensus among jurists that in the absence of other heirs he is entitled to all the property and if the deceased has other heirs, he is entitled to the property left after their shares have been distributed.

  3. If the deceased leaves issue each of his parents will receive one-sixth of the inheritance irrespective of whether the issue consists either only of daughters, only of sons, of both sons and daughters, of just one son or just one daughter. The remaining two-thirds will be distributed among the rest of the heirs.

  4. If there are no other heirs than the parents, the remaining two-thirds will go to the share of the father; otherwise the two-thirds will be distributed between the father and other heirs.

  5. In the case where the deceased also has brothers and sisters the share of the mother will be one-sixth rather than one-third. In this case the sixth that was deducted from the share of the mother will be added to that of the father, for in this circumstance the father’s obligations are heavier. It should be noted that if the parents of the deceased are alive, the brothers and sisters will not be entitled to any share in the inheritance.

  6. The mention of bequest precedes the mention of debt, for although not everyone need be encumbered with debt it is necessary that everyone should make a bequest. (However, other Mufassirun (exegetes) regard making a bequest as a discretionary act – Ed.) As for legalities, there is consensus among Muslims that the payment of debts takes precedence over the payment of bequests, i.e. if the deceased owes a debt and also leaves a bequest, the debt will first be paid out of the inheritance, and only then will his bequest be fulfilled.

7: Allah Says :You do not know which of them, your parents or your children, are more beneficial to you. But these portions have been determined by Allah, for He indeed knows all, is cognizant of all beneficent considerations

  1. Whether a man has one wife or several wives the share of the wife/wives is one-eighth of the inheritance when the deceased has issue, and one-fourth when he has no issue. The share of the wives, whether one-fourth or one-eighth, will be distributed equally among them.
  • The remaining five-sixths or two-thirds of the inheritance goes to the legal heirs, if any. Where there are no legal heirs, the person concerned is entitled to make a bequest with regard to the remaining part of the inheritance. Commentators are agreed that the sisters and brothers mentioned here mean half-brothers and half-sisters, i.e. those who have kinship with the deceased on the mother’s side. Injunctions affecting full brothers and sisters, and half-brothers and half-sisters on the father’s side are mentioned towards the end of the present surah.

  • 10.’Bequests which cause injury’ are those that entail depriving deserving kin of their legitimate rights. Similarly, the debt which causes injury is the fake debt which one falsely admits to owing, and any other device to which one resorts merely in order to deprive the rightful heirs of their shares in inheritance. This kind of injury has been declared to be a major sin in a tradition from the Prophet (peace be on him). According to another tradition the Prophet (peace be on him) said that even if a man worked all his life, like the men of Paradise, yet ended his life’s record by making a wrongful bequest, he would be consigned to Hell. (Ibn Kathir, vol. 2, p. 218.)

    11 .Allah says :This is a commandment from Allah; Allah is All-Knowing, All-Forbearing.This is a terrifying verse in which those who either tamper with God’s laws of inheritance or violate the legal bounds categorically laid down by God in His Book are warned of unending punishment.

    Also discussed is the Legal decision relating to the inheritance of childless persons-Verse 176

    They ask you for a legal verdict. Say: “Allah directs (thus) about Al-Kalalah (those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs). If it is a man that dies, leaving a sister, but no child, she shall have half the inheritance. If (such a deceased was) a woman, who left no child, her brother takes her inheritance. If there are two sisters, they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance; if there are brothers and sisters, the male will have twice the share of the female. (Thus) does Allah makes clear to you (His Law) lest you go astray. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.”

    Surah Nisa also mentions about the  women forbidden to Marry

    Allah swt has prohibited 14 classes of women, 7 due to blood relationship, and 7 for others.

    Those because of blood relationship are:

    • Mothers: every female ancestor for you no matter how high her level is (note that she might on the side of your father too, for example, your father’s mother).
    • Daughters: every female descendant of you no matter how low her level is (again, note that she might be on the side of your son, for example, your son’s daughter).
    • Sisters: every female that share you your father or mother (or both of them)-Full sisters and half sisters.
    • Aunts: both
      • Sisters of every male ancestor for you (even on the side of your mother, such as the sister of your mother’s father), and
      • Sisters of every female ancestor for you (even on the side of your father, such as the sister of your father’s mother).
    • Nieces: every female descendant of your brothers and sisters, no matter how low her level is (this count 2 out of 7). This completes the list of women prohibited because of blood relationship.
    • Milk Mother :There is consensus among Muslims that if a boy or girl is breast-fed by a woman, that woman attains the status of mother, and her husband the status of father. It is forbidden to marry relatives through milk where the degree of relationship is such as /to constitute a bar to marriage in the case of blood-relations. The basis of this rule is the saying of the Prophet (peace be on him): ‘Whatever is rendered prohibited by descent (nasab) is likewise rendered prohibited by breast-feeding.’ (Bukhari, ‘Shahadat’, 4, 7,13,14; Muslim, ‘Rida’ah’, 1-14,26-30; etc. – Ed.)

     

     

    Now we come to those prohibited because of affinity, they’re:

    • Wife’s mothers: every female ancestor of the wife. And they become prohibited just if the marriage contract is made (even before any intercourse).
    • Wife’s daughters: every female descendant of man’s wife from another husband. At the condition of making an intercourse with this wife, i.e, marriage contract is not enough to prohibit these daughters, an intercourse is needed to make the prohibition applied.
    • Daughters in law: the wife of any male descendant, no matter how low her level is.
    • Milk Sons’ wives: wives of man’s milk sons (the rule of milk prohibition applies here).
    • Foster Children born of your wivs with whom you have consummated marriage .
    • Sisters of current wives: a man is not allowed to marry two sisters at the same time, if he marry a woman, then all of her sisters are temporarily prohibited for him. If she die, or they divorce, then her sisters become un-prohibited for him, he can marry any of them (after the divorce period عدة of the wife is over).
    • And also forbidden to you are all married women (muhsanat) except those women whom your right hands have come to possess.

    Sources: Tafseer Al Qurtubi, Ahkam Al-Quran by Ibn Arabi, and Ahkam Al-Quran by Alkia Alharrasi (may Allah be merciful to them all). Especially Tafseer Al Qurtubi 5 [105-134].

    My favourite Verses from Surah Al Nisa

    My favourite Verses from Surah Al Nisa are :-

    Quran (4:40)اLo! Allah wrongeth not even of the weight of an ant; and if there is a good deed, He will double it and will give (the doer) from His presence an immense reward.

    Quran (4:80)Whoso obeyeth the messenger hath   Allah, and whoso turneth away: We have not sent thee as a warder over them.

    Quran (4:82)Will they not then ponder on the Qur’an? If it had been from other than Allah they would have found therein much incongruity.

    Quran (4:86)When ye are greeted with a greeting, greet ye with a better than it or return it. Lo! Allah taketh count of all things.

    Qur’an – 4:18 The forgiveness is not for those who do ill-deeds until, when death attendeth upon one of them, he saith: Lo! I repent now; nor yet for those who die while they are disbelievers. For such We have prepared a painful doom.
    Qur’an – 4:31 If ye avoid the great (things) which ye are forbidden, We will remit from you your evil deeds and make you enter at a noble gate.
    Qur’an – 4:12 And whoso doeth good works, whether of male or female, and he (or she) is a believer, such will enter paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date-stone.

    Quran (4-111)Whoso committeth sin committeth it only against himself. Allah is ever Knower, Wise.

    Quran (4:135)O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not passion lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.

    Quran (4:137)Lo! those who believe, then disbelieve and then (again) believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never pardon them, nor will He guide them unto a way.

    These were the notes I took after reading full tafseer of Surah Al Nisa.You can check the notes of Previous Chapters :

    Surah Al Imran

    Surah Al Baqarah

    Do feel free to share your own notes of the Ayats that influenced you the most.Stay well and remember us in your Duas.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.

    Pakistani Actor Hamza Ali Abbasi,ex aetheist to quit acting for Allah and to Spread Islam.


    In a video shared by him on Twitter, Hamza Ali Abbasi spoke about his journey – how he became an atheist when he was 14-15 years old and how science “brought him back” being a theist when he went to the US.

    “I want to spend the rest of my life talking about God,” Abbasi said in the video-sharing that his decision is based on 10 years research.

    Abbasi, who recently married Naimal Khawar, said that now he will try to shape his life in accordance with Islam and will try to spread across the message through various platforms.

    “Being an ‘ex-atheist’, I want to share the answers I have received about God with people. I don’t want to debate or convince people, I just want to share,” he said and added that if he will make any movie or show, then it will be about Islam.

    Read –What Allah says to the disbelievers


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.
    babri masjid demolisher now a muslim

    Man involved in Babri Masjid demolition now builds mosques to wash away guilt


    Do you know that Kar sevak from Haryana who was part of Babri Masjid demolition, now preaches Islam, builds masjids ?He has built 90 Mosque so far.

    Aamir, a former Shiv Sena leader from Panipat, Haryana often recalls the fateful day of December 6, 1992, that marked the demolition of Babri Masjid.

    Aamir said that along with his friend Mohammed Umar, formerly Yogendra Pal, he had vowed to construct the Sri Ram Mandir at Ayodhya demolishing the masjid. Today, the two are fulfilling their pledge to renovate 100 mosques, in an attempt to purge themselves of their sins.

    On December 1, 1992, Aamir reached Ayodhya to join thousands of kar sevaks coming from across the country. On December 6 that year, according to Aamir, he was the first man to climb the middle dome.

    “We feared that the army might have been deployed in large number. But on ground there was hardly any security, that gave us a boost and we were mentally prepared to demolish the masjid that day,” said Mohammed Aamir.

    Aamir along with many other kar sevaks from Sonipat and Panipat demolished the dome with spades and pickaxes.

    “When I reached my home town Panipat after that I was given a hero’s welcome by the people,” Aamir said.

    “But at home, my family’s reaction shocked me. My secular family denounced my actions. I had participated in the kar seva because I felt strongly about it, but I realized later that I was wrong.”

    Mohammed Aamir, born a Rajput, said, “I realized that I had taken law in my hands and violated the constitution of India. Guilty, I embraced Islam.”

    Ref :India Today.


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.

    #Hijabisanidentity- Hijab walk to Stop the discrimination and marginalization of Muslim women and girls.


    Freedom of religion is a fundamental human right in the Ghanaian legal system. To be specific Article 21 (c) of the 1992 Constitution states: “All persons shall have the right to freedom to practice any religion and to manifest such practice.”

    Unfortunately, most Muslim women and girls living in Ghana have dealt with individuals who exert their biases and bigotry into institutional cultures. Thus, making it impossible for Muslim women to wear the hijab as part of their religious freedoms stipulated in the 1992 constitution.

    The #Hijabisanidentity campaign pushes for the right of Muslim women who choose to wear the hijab to be free to do so without intimidation from any individual or institution.

    Why do Muslim Woman Wear Hijab.

    Recently, an invigilator of the West African Examination Council (WAEC) asked a candidate to remove her hijab before sitting her exams. This latest move sparked a recent social media campaign by Islam advocates dubbed: #Hijabisanidentity

    They believe the successful campaign which culminated in a massive demonstration in some regions – North, Ashanti and Accra – will help shake up some traditionally-held cultural misconceptions about the female Muslim identity. On Saturday October 12, Ghanaian Muslim women marched for their right to wear the hijab. The #Hijabisanidentity campaign is still on.

    Stop policing Women’s bodies!

    My hijab, my CHOICE My choice, my right


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.
    Sinead o connor

    Sinéad O’Connor Performs in Hijab.Says : ‘I have been a Muslim all my life and I didn’t realise it’


    Dublin: Singer Sinead O’Connor stepped out in a traditional hijab with her son after converting to Islam in October.

    The 52-year-old wore a bright red abaya and matching hijab when she appeared on “The Late Late Show” in Dublin on Friday night, reports ” the sun”

    Earlier in the day, she arrived at the studio with her son, 15-year-old Shane Lunny, who looks exactly like his mom.

    Sinead was dressed more casually in blue trousers, a matching belted shirt, and a navy cardigan. She complete the look with a dark blue headscarf. Shane carried his mother’s red abaya to the venue.

    Shane apart, Sinead is also mother to 32-year-old Jake, 23-year-old Roisin and 12-year-old Yeshua.

    In October last year, Sinead announced that she had converted to Islam, changing her name to Shuhada Davitt.

    Sinéad O’Connor has described how she felt “at home” after reading the Koran and subsequently embracing the Muslim religion.

    The singer, who has returned following a five-year hiatus from touring, announced her decision to “revert” to Islam almost a year ago and says she often wears the hijab as a means of signalling her new-found beliefs.

    The word ‘revert’ refers to the idea that if you were to study the Koran you would realise that you were a Muslim all your life and you didn’t realise it. That’s what happened to me,” she said on Friday night’s Late Late Show.

    “I am 52. I grew up in a very different Ireland to the one that exists now and it was a very oppressed country religiously speaking. And everybody was miserable; nobody was getting any joy in God.

    ”The singer, who has long captivated audiences with her views on Irish life, spoke about reading the scriptures as a child and later exploring other religious texts “trying to find the truth about God”. She left Islam until last because she held her own prejudices about the religion, she said.

    Ref :”The Sun”


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.
    oldest rural mosque

    Archeologists finds the World’s Oldest Rural Mosque in Israel


     Archaeologists in Israel have discovered the remains of one of the world’s oldest rural mosques, built around the time Islam arrived in the holy land,

    world's oldest rural mosque

    The Israel Antiquities Authority estimates that the mosque, uncovered ahead of new construction in the Bedouin town of Rahat in the Negev desert, dates back to the 7th to 8th centuries.

    There are large mosques known to be from that period in Jerusalem and in Makkah but it is rare to find a house of prayer so ancient whose congregation is likely to have been local farmers, the antiquities authority said.

    Play the Quiz : Identify these Mosques

    Excavated at the site were the remains of an open-air mosque — a rectangular building, about the size of a single-car garage, with a prayer niche facing south toward Makkah.

    “This is one of the earliest mosques known from the beginning of the arrival of Islam in Israel, after the Arab conquest of 636 C.E.,” said Gideon Avni of the antiquities authority.

    “The discovery of the village and the mosque in its vicinity are a significant contribution to the study of the history of the country during this turbulent period.”

    Source : Arab news


    If You like this article Please Share it to help us keep providing you with more.
    Loading...

    4 thoughts on “My Notes from Surah Al Nisa”

    1. i am really inspired your knowledge sharing….
      A ALLAH increased your knowledge..
      GOD BLESS YOU MY DEAR SIR

    2. Dear assalam o alikum its indeed a very good effort by u in simplfying the meanings..i wanted to copy for reference but i could not . Can i get i copy JazakAllah

    3. Assalamualikum i want full notes from sureh an-nisa!
      Can you please provide me.?

    Leave a comment.