‘Sa’d bin Mu’adh’ at whose death the throne of Allah shook

Sa’d ibn Mu’adh
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Do you know who was the sahabi at whose death the throne of Allah shook? It was Sa’d bin Mu’adh radi allahu anhu. He was a companion of Rasul Allah Sallalahu alaihe wa sallam.

And when we say that the throne of Allah shook what does it mean? Regarding the shaking of the Throne mentioned here, Ibn Hajar in his book Fatah Al-Baaree interpreted it by saying, “The meaning of shaking means His rejoicing and His pleasure at the receiving of his soul.”

So Who was Sa’d bin Muadh?

Sa’d bin Mu’adh radi allahu anhu was the chief of the Aws tribe in Medina. Sa’d bin Mu’adh radi allahu anhu was among the leading figures among the Ansar. He converted at the hands of Mu’sab ibn Umair. His conversion led to the immediate conversion of his entire subtribe of the Aus, the Banu Abdul-Ashhal.

This honorable Companion fought in the Battle of Badr, Uhud, and in the Battle of the Trench and he did not fear anyone. The Prophet (peace be upon him) told the people that Sa`d shall be one of the people of Paradise, and told them also that the Throne of Allah has shaken to his death.

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا فَضْلُ بْنُ مُسَاوِرٍ، خَتَنُ أَبِي عَوَانَةَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏”‏ اهْتَزَّ الْعَرْشُ لِمَوْتِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ ‏”‏‏.‏ وَعَنِ الأَعْمَشِ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو صَالِحٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِثْلَهُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ لِجَابِرٍ فَإِنَّ الْبَرَاءَ يَقُولُ اهْتَزَّ السَّرِيرُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بَيْنَ هَذَيْنِ الْحَيَّيْنِ ضَغَائِنُ، سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏”‏ اهْتَزَّ عَرْشُ الرَّحْمَنِ لِمَوْتِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Jabir: I heard the Prophet saying, “The Throne (of Allah) shook at the death of Sad bin Muadh.” Through another group of narrators, Jabir added, “I heard the Prophet : saying, ‘The Throne of the Beneficent shook because of the death of Sad bin Muadh.”(ref : 1)

Even after his death Rasul Allah sallalahu alaihe wa sallam made constant references praising him:

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ الْبَرَاءَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ يَقُولُ أُهْدِيَتْ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حُلَّةُ حَرِيرٍ، فَجَعَلَ أَصْحَابُهُ يَمَسُّونَهَا وَيَعْجَبُونَ مِنْ لِينِهَا فَقَالَ ‏ “‏ أَتَعْجَبُونَ مِنْ لِينِ هَذِهِ لَمَنَادِيلُ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ خَيْرٌ مِنْهَا ‏”‏‏.‏ أَوْ أَلْيَنُ‏.‏ رَوَاهُ قَتَادَةُ وَالزُّهْرِيُّ سَمِعَا أَنَسًا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم‏.‏

“Narrated Al-Bara: A silken cloth was given as a present to the Prophet . His companions started touching it and admiring its softness. The Prophet said, “Are you admiring its softness? The handkerchiefs of Sad bin Muadh (in Paradise) are better and softer than it” (ref 2)

Sa’d ra was brave. When Rasullallah won the Battle of Khandaq and he captured the people, the judgment for the opponent was said by Sa’d ibn Mua’adh (Radiallahu Anhu) and he judged what Allah willed.

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَرْعَرَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ بْنِ سَهْلِ بْنِ حُنَيْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ أُنَاسًا نَزَلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِ سَعْدِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ، فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَيْهِ فَجَاءَ عَلَى حِمَارٍ، فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ قَرِيبًا مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ قُومُوا إِلَى خَيْرِكُمْ أَوْ سَيِّدِكُمْ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ يَا سَعْدُ، إِنَّ هَؤُلاَءِ نَزَلُوا عَلَى حُكْمِكَ ‏”‏‏.‏ قَالَ فَإِنِّي أَحْكُمُ فِيهِمْ أَنْ تُقْتَلَ مُقَاتِلَتُهُمْ وَتُسْبَى ذَرَارِيُّهُمْ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏”‏ حَكَمْتَ بِحُكْمِ اللَّهِ، أَوْ بِحُكْمِ الْمَلِكِ ‏”‏‏.‏

Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri:

Some people (i.e. the Jews of Bani bin Quraiza) agreed to accept the verdict of Sa`d bin Mu`adh so the Prophet (ﷺ) sent for him (i.e. Sa`d bin Mu`adh). He came riding a donkey, and when he approached the Mosque, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Get up for the best amongst you.” or said, “Get up for your chief.” Then the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “O Sa`d! These people have agreed to accept your verdict.” Sa`d said, “I judge that their warriors should be killed and their children and women should be taken as captives.” The Prophet said, “You have given a judgment similar to Allah’s Judgment (or the King’s judgment).”(ref 3)

Subhan Allah!

He passed away in the 5th year of Hijrah (the Islamic Calendar) in young age: 37 years old. The Prophet (peace be upon him) offered Salah at him and he was buried in Al Baqi` (the graveyard of Madinah). May Allah be pleased with Sa`d, may Allah reward him the best for what he did to Islam and Muslims, and may Allah gather us with him in His Place of Honor (Paradise).

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. May Allah send His peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his Companions.


  1. sahih al Bukhari : Sahih al-Bukhari 3803
  2. sahih al Bukhari : Sahih al-Bukhari 3802
  3. sahih al Bukhari Sahih al-Bukhari 3804

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