“Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور”: The story of “Jabal Al-Noor” in Makkah Al-Mukarramah: The light of prophecy shone from it, and in it there is the historical Cave of Hira

Jabal Al-Noor, from which the light of prophecy shone, is located north-east of the Grand Mosque, 4 kilometres away.

Quran learning
The story of “Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور” in Makkah Al-Mukarramah 15

Height of Jabal Nur

The height of this mountain is about six hundred and fifty meters, with some very steep areas in it. In addition, the mountain is distinguished by its distinctive summit, as this summit resembles the hump of a camel, which gives it a special kind of beauty.

Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور

The cave is a gap at the top of Jabal al-Noor, its entrance to the north is four cubits long and a cubit and three quarters wide, and the inside of Hira cave is directed towards the Kaaba, and is characterised by a narrow space that can only accommodate 4 or 5 people only, and those who stand at the head of Jabal al-Nur can watch The Holy City of Makkah and its buildings. 

Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور
The Quran was revealed on this mountain. Peace and blessings be upon Rasulallah ﷺ.

The First revelation at “Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور”:

Narrated Aisha (the mother of the faithful believers):The commencement of the Divine Inspiration to Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) was in the form of good dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira where he used to worship (Allah alone) continuously for many days before his desire to see his family.

The story of “Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور” in Makkah Al-Mukarramah 16

He used to take with him the journey food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadija ra to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet (ﷺ) replied, “I do not know how to read.”

The Prophet (ﷺ) added, “The angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read)?’

Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور

Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (96.1, 96.2, 96.3) ‏{‏اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ * خَلَقَ الإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ * اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الأَكْرَمُ‏}‏ ‏”‏‏Then Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) returned with the Inspiration and with his heart beating severely. Then he went to Khadija bint Khuwailid and said, “Cover me! Cover me!”

The story of “Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور” in Makkah Al-Mukarramah 17

They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told her everything that had happened and said, “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadija replied, “Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadija then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqa bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the pre-Islamic Period became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters.

Jabal Al-Noor/جبل النور

He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadija said to Waraqa, “Listen to the story of your nephew, O my cousin!” Waraqa asked, “O my nephew! What have you seen?”

Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) described whatever he had seen. Waraqa said, “This is the same one who keeps the secrets (angel Gabriel) whom Allah had sent to Moses. I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) asked, “Will they drive me out?”

Waraqa replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Inspiration was also paused for a while.

(Reference : Sahih Bukhari 3)

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