The term Ashra Mubashara (the ten who were promised Paradise) designates those who were given the glad tidings of Jannah by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) while they were living in this world. In addition to the term “Ashara Mubashara,” the phrase with the same meaning – “al-Mubashara bil-Jannah” – was also used.
Please also note that These Companions were given the glad tiding of the Paradise in one gathering, therefore, they are known as ‘The Ten Fortunate’ (Al- ‘Ashrat AlMubash-sharah). The Prophet also gave the happy news of the Paradise to some other Companions at different occasions in various other gatherings, which is not contrary to the good news of the ‘Ten Fortunate”.
Hadith on Ashra Mubashara-‘The Ten promised Paradise Hadith”
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Abu Bakr is in Paradise, ‘Umar is in Paradise, ‘Uthman is in Paradise, ‘Ali is in Paradise, Talhah is in Paradise, Az-Zubair is in Paradise, ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf is in Paradise, Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas is in Paradise, Sa’eed is in Paradise, and Abu ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah is in Paradise.”
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم “ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُمَرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعُثْمَانُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَلِيٌّ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَطَلْحَةُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَالزُّبَيْرُ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعْدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَسَعِيدٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ بْنُ الْجَرَّاحِ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ” .
|Grade||: Sahih (Darussalam), Tirmidhi -Hadith 3747|
Ashra Mubashara-The 10 Fortunate Sahaba
- Abu Bakr (radiallahu anhu)
- Umar (radiallahu anhu)
- Uthman (radiallahu anhu)
- Ali ra (radiallahu anhu)
- Talhah (radiallahu anhu)
- az-Zubayr ibn al-Awwam (radiallahu anhu)
- Sa’d ibn Malik (radiallahu anhu) also known as Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (radi allahu anhu)
- AbdurRahman ibn Awf (radiallahu anhu)
- Sa’eed (radiallahu anhu)
- Abu ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah
- It also has other supporting narrations by way of Saeed Ibn Zaid (radiallahu anhu) from Ahmad (1/187-188) and At-Tirmithee (no. 3747).
1.Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radiallahu anhu)
- Narrated ‘Ali ra that the Prophet (ﷺ) said: “Abu Bakr and ‘Umar are the masters of the elder people among the inhabitants of Paradise, from the first ones and the last ones, not including the Prophets and the Messengers. Do not inform them O ‘Ali.”Hadith grade Hasan : Hadith 3666,Tirmidhi
- Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said to Abu Bakr: “You are my companion at the Hawd, and my companion in the cave.”Hadith 3670,Tirmidhi
2. Umar ibn Al-Khattab (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amir:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “If there was to have a Prophet after me, it would have been ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab.”Hadith 3686 ,Tirmidhi
3. Uthman ibn Affan (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated Anas:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, and ‘Uthman climbed Uhud (mountain) and it shook them, so the Prophet of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Be firm O Uhud! For there is none upon you except a Prophet, a Siddiq, and two martyrs. Hadith Sahih ,Hadith 3697,Tirmidhi
4. Ali ibn Abi Talib (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated Buraidah:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Indeed Allah has ordered me to love four, and He informed me that He loves them.” It was said: “O Messenger of Allah! Name them for us.” He said: “‘Ali is among them,” saying that three times, “And Abu Dharr, Al-Miqdad, and Salman. And He ordered me to love them, and He informed me that He loves them.”Hadith 3718,Tirmidhi
5.Talha ibn Ubaidullah (radiallahu anhu)
“He, who desires to see a martyr walking on the ground, let him look at Talha bin Ubaidullah.” (Mishkat, Ibn Hisham)
Narrated Qais bin Abi Hazim:I saw Talha’s paralyzed hand with which he had protected the Prophet (from an arrow) . Sahih al-Bukhari 3724
6. Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated Jabir [may Allah be pleased with him]:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Indeed, every Prophet has a Hawari and, [indeed], my Hawari is Az-Zubair [bin Al-‘Awwam].” And Abu Na’im added in it: “On the Day of Al-Ahzab, he (ﷺ) said: ‘Who will bring us news about their party?’ Az-Zubair said: ‘I will.’ He said it three times. Az-Zubair said (each time): ‘I will.'”Hadith 3745,Tirmidhi
7. Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated Abu Salamah:from ‘Aishah that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) used to say: “Indeed your [feminine plural: referring to the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ)] affair is from that which concerns me after me, and none shall be able to be patient concerning you except the patient ones.” He said: “Then ‘Aishah said: ‘So may Allah give your father drink from the Salsabil of Paradise” intending ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf (Abu Salamah is the son of ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf). And he had maintained ties with the wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) with property that had been sold for forty-thousand.Hadith 3749,Tirmidhi
8. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated Sa’d:that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “O Allah, respond to Sa’d when he supplicates to You.”Hadith 3751,Tirmidhi
9.Sa’id ibn Zayd (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zalim Al-Mazini:that Sa’eed bin Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail said: “I bear witness for nine people, that they are in Paradise, and if I were to bear witness for a tenth, I would not be sinful.” It was said: “How is that?” He said: “We were with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) at (mount) Hira when he said, ‘Be firm, Hira! There is not upon you any but a Prophet, or a Siddiq, or a martyr.” It was said: “And who were they?” He said: “The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthman, ‘Ali, Talhah, Az-Zubair, Sa’d, and ‘Abdur-Rahman bin ‘Awf.” It was said: “And who is the tenth?” He said: “Me.”Hadith 3757,Tirmidhi
10.Abu Ubaidah Al-Jarrah (radiallahu anhu)
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Shaqiq:”I said to ‘Aishah: ‘Which of the Companions of the Prophet (ﷺ) were the most beloved to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?’ She said: ‘Abu Bakr.’ I said: ‘Then who?’ She said: ‘Then Abu ‘Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah.'” He said: “I said: ‘Then who?”” He said: “Then she was silent.” Hadith 3657,Tirmidhi
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