Do you know the story behing Laylatul Ta’ris?
The Incident of Laylatul Ta’rif is something on the basis of which the ruling for a Qada prayer in congregation is derived.
So what was the Incident? The incident is beautifully described in the hadith below-
It was narrated from ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatadah that his father said:”We were with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) when some of the people said: ‘Why do you not stop with us to rest awhile, 0 Messenger of Allah (ﷺ)?’ He said: ‘I am afraid that you will sleep and miss the prayer.’ Bilal said:’I will wake you up.’ So they lay down and slept, and Bilal leaned back on his mount. Then the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) woke up when the sun had already started to rise, and he said: ‘0 Bilal, what about what you told us?’ He said: ‘I have never slept like that before.’ The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, takes your souls when He wills and sends them back when He wills.’ Stand up 0 Bilal and call the people to prayer.’ Then Bilal stood up and & called the Adhan, and they performed Wudu’ – that is, when the sun had risen (fully) – “then he stood and lead them in prayer.”
Reference : Sunan an-Nasa’i 846
And the ruling that the Ahnaf derieve from it is that a Qada prayer if read with Imam is read audibly. And this is according to Hanafi Fiqh.
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